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National Cancer Registration Program

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National Cancer Registration Program

The Korea Central Cancer Registry (KCCR) began as a hospital-based nationwide cancer registry, initiated by the Ministry of Health and Welfare in 1980. The KCCR located at the National Medical Center until 2000, its headquarters moved to the National Cancer Center (NCC) in 2000. The “CANCER CONTROL ACT” provides the lawful basis for cancer registration. Currently more than 190 hospitals are participating in the KCCR and the data cover over 90% of new cancer cases in Korea.

To accurately measure the national cancer incidence and to build a database warehouse required to conduct basic research and treatment planning in cancer, 11 population-based regional cancer registry (PB-RCR) programs have been joined us based on support from the KCCR. Each regional cancer incidence rates by using the cancer data from four regional cancer registries were included in the 'Cancer Incidence in Five Continents in 2002' (CI5 Vol. VIII) that was published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

Starting in 2002, the KCCR has constructed the Korea National Cancer Incidence Database (KNCIDB) by merging the KCCR DB and all PB-RCR DBs, data from the ad-hoc medical record review survey and the cancer mortality DB from the Statistics Korea. In 2005, the KCCR produced the first nationwide cancer incidence statistics during from 1999 to 2001. The first Korea cancer incidence rate from 1999 to 2002 by using KNCIDB was included in the CI5 in 2007 (CI5 Vol. IX) and that from 2003 to 2007 was published in 2013 (CI5 Vol. X) and subsequently that from 2008 to 2012 is currently correcting in the collaboration with the IARC and the other organizations.

The KCCR annually publishes Annual Report of Cancer Statistics in Korea and scientific journal articles on cancer statistics and short term prediction every year. Now, completeness of KNCIDB is estimated over 96%.

Cancer Statistics

Cancer Facts and Figures of Korea