As cancer is currently one of the most pressing public health problems in Korea, and the ageing Korean population is likely to add to this burden, effective cancer control at the national level takes priority over other health issues in our society. In response to the government's need for more effective cancer control policies and programs, the NCC reformed its organization in December 2008, by taking out the supporting unit for cancer control programs as an independent structure, to be named National Cancer Control Institute (NCCI). As one of the three major bodies of the NCC, NCCI has functions that include 1) cancer registration & statistics, 2) cancer early detection, 3) hospice and palliative care, 4) collection and dissemination of cancer-related information & education, and 5) cancer risk appraisal and prevention. NCCI, as a new organization, is more actively assisting the government in formulating and executing cancer-related national policies.
The Government's Long-term Cancer Control Objectives
|Five-year Survival Rate||62.0%||67.8%|
|Mortality per 100,000 persons||94.3||88.0|
|National Cancer Screening Rate||20.2% of the Target Population||55.5% of the Target Population|
The NCCI is doing its best to improve our understanding of cancer and develop better ways to prevent, diagnose and treat cancer on the individual, regional and national levels. The government's policy drive to reduce cancer occurence and mortality has motivated the NCCI to speed up its cancer control-elated activities.
The NCCI is reinforcing international collaborative efforts with international health organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and other prestigious cancer institutes by conducting joint research and exchanging information and personnel. Moreover, ever since the NCCRI was designated as the WHO Collaborating Center for Cancer Registration, Early Detection and Prevention in 2005, the NCCI is giving back to the international community by sharing its rich cancer control experiences.
The NCCI's research projects consist of both NCC's Institutional R&D Program and contract-based R&D projects from industry. Its research activities are categorized into the following two areas:
- Building national Infrastructure for cancer research
- Provision of the resources, infrastructure, and technologies for biospecimen-based translational cancer research
- Studies on quality improvement in processing and storing collected tumor tissues
- Establishment of a cancer information network for the general public and health professionals
- improving cancer prevention and control activities in korea
- Eepidemiologic research on cancer incidence, mortality and survival
: Developing cancer risk prediction models, Assessing population attributable risks
of the cancer risk factors
- Researches on improving the national cancer screening program
: Studies on cancer screening guidelines
: Evaluation of the program and enhancing quality control
- Cohort studies for elucidation of cancer risk ractors
: population- based studies to clarify the role of cancer risk factors such as hpv, hbv, hcv, h.pylori
- Research on improving cancer patients' quality of life
: Manaqement of terminal cancer patients: Removing the barriers to quality care